Numbers vary from residential to commercial environments, and according to a series of factors. Here’s how to save energy using the equipment
After the hottest January in recorded history in Curitiba, and in the century, for several Brazilian cities, temperatures finally cooled down, but the heat is scheduled to return in February. Along with the temperature, what may soar in this time of the year is the electricity bill – something that, according to climate control experts, may be due to the users themselves.
That happens because of the temperature shown in the screens of air conditioners influence – a lot! – the energy consumption rates, thanks to a factor called “thermal load”, the difference between the external temperature and that the person who is using the machine desires. Setting the air conditioner to 23°C or 24°C may mean a significant economy, and propitiate the same comfort obtained as when the air conditioner is set to 18°C or 20°C.
According to mechanical engineer Arnaldo Lopes Parra, an expert in climate control and marketing vice-president of the Brazilian Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Ventilation Association (ABRAVA), between every degree reduced in the equipment’s remote control, there is a 3.5 percent rise in energy consumption. “Some ABRAVA studies prove that, if the air conditioner was set to 23°C and the temperature is elevated to 25°C, there is a 7 percent reduction in the energy consumption.”
He adds that, when the references are lower temperatures, such as 18°C or 19°C, for instance, the economy may be even more significant, since the thermal load will be bigger, and will demand more effort from the machine. “It works in the same way as an automobile’s demand for fuel. If you drive at 80 kilometers per hour on a straight thoroughfare, the gas consumption will be smaller than what you would use if you were driving on an upward slope, because it would demand much more from the vehicle,” he exemplifies.
In other words, the hotter it is outside, the more effort the machine has to do to reject the heat of the environment and reach the desired temperatures, which may answer for about 20 percent of the additional electricity consumption if you set the air conditioner at 18°C or 20°C.
According to VRF Engenharia architect Fernanda Roccon, a post-graduate in climate control engineering, many people believe that merely by setting the air conditioner in the minimum temperature, it will cool down adequately the whole room. “The equipment was not made to be turned on the minimum temperature and then turned off. It was designed to be kept working for a long period of time at a comfortable temperature. When you turn on your air conditioner at 23°C, it will stabilize much faster, and will maintain that temperature without wearing down the equipment.”
Below the interval between 22°C and 26°C, recommended for residential and low-circulation corporative environments, the air conditioner keeps functioning uninterruptedly in order to maintain the desired temperature. “Usually, that happens when the apparatus is badly dimensioned, when it is necessary to regulate it to 20°C in order to obtain the 23°C which makes the environment comfortable,” explains the architect.
Other economy aspects
Just as the regulated temperature and the dimension of the equipment, there are other factors which influence the energy consumption of an air conditioner. “The best item to save energy is a good installation of the equipment. First of all, the air conditioning machine has to be well selected, it is necessary to hire a skilled technician, who has knowledge and expertise,” suggests Parra.
According to him, merely understanding electrical networks is not enough to make sure that the apparatus is going to be properly installed. That happens because the size of the room has an influence on the power of the equipment, which in turn will enable a better energy consumption. “If the environment asks for a 12 thousand BTUs, and the user chooses one that operates on 7 or 8 thousand BTUs, its consumption will be bigger than what would be adequate,” says the engineer.
On top of that, preventive maintenance is essential to minimize unnecessary expenses on future parts as well as wear-and-tear of the apparatus itself. “Studies have pointed out that the lack of maintenance of any equipment may have an influence of up to 40 percent in energy,” he details. Cleaning and lubricating the air conditioner may also increase its longevity, and reduce drastically the cost of corrective maintenance.
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Números são diferentes para ambientes residenciais e comerciais e variam de acordo com uma série de fatores. Veja como economizar energia usando o equipamento