Como você se sentiu com essa matéria?

  • Carregando...
 | Ilustração: Robson Vilalba e Osvalter Urbinati
| Foto: Ilustração: Robson Vilalba e Osvalter Urbinati

Secretary for Public Safety says UPS is the answer to vicious circle

Cid Vasques, the Secretary for Public Safety for the State of Paraná, claims that the government has taken measures to prevent crime from prevailing in Curitiba’s most violent parts. "Expertise and work have enabled to orientate where our resources (human and financial) should go to fight crime. This work has led to the establishment of the Unidades Paraná Seguro UPS, the State pacifying unit, in some neighborhoods of Curitiba," he wrote in a note sent to the newspaper.

According to Vasques, this strategy "culminated with the reduction of first and second degree murders in the State capital: the number of occurrences was 36% smaller during the first semester of 2013 compared to the same time period in 2010 (260 victims in 2013 against 404 in 2010)."

General chief of the Civil Police Riad Farhat admits that improving investigation methods can reduce the amount of crimes between the gangs. Taking criminals away from the streets is one of the factors, therefore preventing him from being killed and putting an end the vicious circle. But to him, in some cases, vengeance and series of killings are expected features from the crime world. "One who commits a crime knows that his life will be short," says the police chief who took office two weeks ago.

Find out about some cases of suspects who were murdered in Curitiba

September 2010

These past few years, a gang war in the Boqueirão neighborhood has led to a series of murders. Three murders took place on September 24th. At 4 PM, B.L was shot dead. The response came two hours later. S.S., responsible for the murder of B.L. was shot but survived the attack. His friends from Iguape reacted this same night and shot B.M. dead. In 2012, two young men involved in the feud were murdered.

April 2010

In the Xaxim neighborhood, an 18-year-old man was coming home from his grandmother´s house when he entered the territory of a rival gang on his motorcyle. M.S was spotted by some members of the rival gang who chased him on motorcycles and shot him dead. The police found the authors of the crime and set up an inquiry. One of the suspects was never trialed: N.H was killed before the date of his trial. The gangs were identified as "Comando Xaxim" and "Os Loucos" (The Mad Ones).

May 2011

The police believes that the order that led to the death of E.A., in the Uberaba neighborhood, was issued from a jail cell. An inmate suspected of being a member of the PCC gang and the head of the drug trade in the neighborhood, thought that E.A. was having an affair with his wife. As a vengeance, two brothers of the victim killed the inmate´s brother in May 2011. Two suspects of this crime were also murdered afterwards.

March 2010

The police started to investigate B.L.’s death in the Campo Comprido neighborhood in March 2010. An anonymous informer said that the death was linked to the same gang war that took C.A.’s life a little earlier in São Braz. Two men were put in custody but denied being the authors of the crime. They said that they would not have been able to go to the crime scene as it was located on a rival gang territory and would have been killed.

January 2010

F.C. died while playing football in the streets of the Cajuru neighborhood. Two young me were injured. According to witnesses interviewed by the police, the region was the scene of a gang war between two groups from Vilas Trindade and Autódromo and drive-by shootings are common in the area. While investigating, one of the suspects was killed. T.N., one of the two young men who had survived the first attack, was murdered too.

None of the people accused of killing metallurgist Alysson Ruela were convicted. This is not one of those cases where the police had not indicted a suspect, though. Civil Police had indeed indicted a couple for the murder which was committed in June 2010. They were respondents in a case opened by the Jury Tribunal Court of Curitiba. But the couple was murdered before their trial took place.

The investigation carried out by reporters of Gazeta do Povo showed that this situation is common: a suspect of a homicide is more likely to be murdered than to receive a sentence from the Justice. Until this day, for example, 28 individuals were sentenced for homicides in Curitiba in 2010.The number of people suspected of committing homicides who were killed over this period of time is nearly twice as numerous: 54 cases. Out of the 54 cases, fifty two were murdered while the police was investigating the case. In only two cases, the homicides took place after the police had already indicted suspects.

Just like what happened with Alysson, the case was shut because there weren´t suspects anymore. Technically speaking, Justice calls this process: "extinction of guilt following the death of an agent." In shorter terms, this refers to a failure from the State.

English philosopher John Locke affirmed that members of a society go from barbarians to civilized individuals when citizens stop punishing their peers with their own hands (The State of Nature) and delegate this function to the State . When the institutions fail to deliver a punishment, the risk of retrograding exists – a comeback to a state of salvages where justice is done with the people’s own hands.

"When people have the feeling that they have been abandoned, when crimes are not solved, when people are assaulted and murdered, a part of society starts to accept illegal measures to deliver justice. Therefore, killing mobs, death squads, which are a populist vision of justice, appear to bring vengeance. Modern law broke away from this vision more than two hundred years ago," says Michel Misse, coordinator of the Study Group on Citizenship, Conflict and Urban Violence at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).

Death rowAccording to the version provided by the Homicide Unit, Weslley and Jenifer went to a pub to meet Alysson Ruela on June 27th, 2003. They were body checked at the entrance of the pub, located in the Tatuquara neighborhood. But according to some witnesses, the couple hid a firearm in the Jenifer´s three-year old son baby cart. According to the police, an argument broke out in the pub and Weslley shot four times. Jenifer and Wellsley denied being the authors of the crime.

After interviewing ten witnesses, policemen believed that they had enough to indict the two individuals as responsible for the homicide. The Public Prosecutor Office agreed and launched the process. Weslley was killed in a shooting in January 2011 along with two other people. Jenifer remained the only defendant.

Jenifer was never trialed either. She survived a first assault but became paraplegic. The second assault was fatal. Sitting on her wheelchair, she died after receiving twelve gunshots. Following the woman’s death, the Judiciary shut down the case.

Criminals established "death sentence" in Brazil, says Prosecutor

The fact that crime suspects end up being killed before being trialed shows that a "parallel state" rules in Brazil and established death sentence, says Prosecutor Marcela Marinho Rodrigues. In charge of the Bureau of Lethal Crimes, which follows the work of the police investigating homicides in the city, the Promotor says that only a "better organized and present" action from the State could bring this situation to an end.

According to her, the murder of criminals is the consequence of gang feuds more than the result of the State’s delay to punish crimes. But she claims that acting on both fields is necessary to tackle the issue: punishing crimes in a quicker and more efficient way and acting so as to urbanize poor areas and offer basic public services to the population.

For Michel Misse, from the Study Group on Citizenship, Conflict and Urban Violence at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), a vicious circle undermines the country. "We need the police to solve crimes, and know who the author is. This person must be trialed according to the law. When you fail to do this right, you are in the worst possible world, because you end up having criminals killing police officers and police officers killing criminals. This is a vicious circle – which results from the accumulation of social violence."

Deixe sua opinião
Use este espaço apenas para a comunicação de erros
Máximo de 700 caracteres [0]